On February 14, 2019, the judgment of the Catalan cause begins. A country is judged for having exercised their right to self-determination, voluntarily and with peaceful means. Jutging 12 to 74 years in prison at: Jordi Sánchez and Jordi Cuixart (representatives of civil society), and at Oriol Junqueras, Carme Forcadell, Joaquim Forn, Jordi Turull, Raül Romeva, Dolors Bassa, Josep Rull, Carles Mundó, Meritxell Borràs and Santi Vila (political representatives).
THE CAUSE OF OCTOBER 1
On October 1st, 2017 the Catalan people organizes themselves to hold a referendum, and vote. He decides to stop being part of Spain. The Spanish Government, in turn, sends a police contingent to prevent the vote, and attacks the population. On October 27, the Parliament of Catalonia approves the Catalan Republic.
Spain, accustomed to command and impose its will, initiates a campaign of defamation against the independence voice and imprisons the Catalan civil and political representatives, who are accused of being part of a criminal gang, sedition, rebellion and embezzlement of public funds. The penalties are 12, 25 and 74 years, according to the charges presented by the State Advocacy, the Prosecutor’s Office or VOX (ultra-unionist political party that exalts anti-Catalanism, xenophobia and homophobia), respectively. The repression is completed by initiating judicial instructions against the rest of the politicians and journalists related to the Catalan cause. At the same time, Spain, with the support of His Majesty King Felipe VI de Borbón, intervenes the Catalan Government, the autonomous police and the Catalan judicial system. All those who support the Catalan cause are investigated and removed from their positions. The new charges serve the unity of Spain. In addition, it creates an express law for the business sector based in Catalonia to move its offices elsewhere in Spain.
The Catalan people have expressed themselves, and Spain has exercised violence and abuse of power through the manipulation of facts, threats, oppression, judicialization, condemnation and imprisonment.
The Catalan people have exercised their right to self-determination, which International Law legitimizes and Spain violates. This right is international, and for this reason Spain cannot judge the Catalan leaders in exile. Spain defends a state law that contradicts contemporary international law. This law has its origin in 1716, when the Castilianization of powers in Spain is imposed (“Decreto de Nueva Planta”), after the victory of the Bourbons over the Catalans in the War of Succession, in which half of Europe supports the Catalan cause but ends up abandoning it because of the negotiations of the Treaty of Utrecht, in which colonial rights are distributed among the major powers. Since then, the Spanish State has imposed an unequal order in Spain, imposing Castilian powers on the rest of the peoples (which benefit a certain elite), the result of an abuse of power, which the Catalans refuse to accept. They are three centuries of discrimination; of cultural hostility (manipulation of history); and of prohibition, persecution and restriction of the Catalan language.
In 1714, the Catalans defend their liberties and privileges, after seven centuries of self-government with the status of a nation, with their own language, laws, institutions and currency. The book The Deplorable History of the Catalans, From their first Engaging in the WAR, to the Time of their Reduction (Baker, London, 1714), shows how they maintain the struggle, in spite of the abandonment of the support of the great powers to the Catalan cause, derived from the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), for the defense of the freedoms of Spain and Europe. The Catalans lose the war, but remember this date (September 11, 1714) and nowadays is when the Catalan national holiday is celebrated.
After two and a half centuries of repression, the Catalan people regained their liberties and proclaimed the Catalan republic within the Spanish republic (October 4, 1934), but it was repressed by the Spanish fascist extreme right, and its government imprisoned. With the Republican defeat of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), and with the Catalan government in exile, the Catalan people organized themselves and presented an Appeal to the United Nations, when it deliberated its charter, in April 1945. The Catalans denounce their submission to a fascist regime and claim the condition of a submitted nation, while defending the right to self-government of the Catalans, of the rest of the Iberian peoples and of the rest of the world.
In 1978 the Spanish Constitution was approved and a step forward was taken in the conciliation of the nations of Spain, but the superiority of the Castilian language and the centrality of the powers in Madrid were maintained, without being able to judge the crimes of the Franco regime, that maintains political, economic, judicial, military, ecclesiastical and monarchical power. In 2006, the Parliament of Catalonia approved the project of autonomy that would have supposed the definitive reconciliation and its fit in the international order. But the extreme right denies the Catalan aspirations and begins a hostile process that ends up leading to the events of October 1, 2017, to the consequent abandonment of Europe and the imprisonment of Catalan representatives, repressed for the umpteenth time by the Spanish unionist power. The hostility and censorship of Catalanness resurge again.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE PROCESS
- 2006 – The Parliament of Catalonia, the Congress and HM the King approve the modification of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia within the framework of the Spanish Constitution. This Statute proclaims that Catalonia is a nation; consolidates Catalan autonomy within Spain; and places Catalan as the preferred language of the Public Administration in Catalonia.
- 2006 – The politician party Partido Popular (PP) transfers to the Constitutional Court a claim of unconstitutionality of the Statute of Autonomy, in a campaign that begins in 2004.
- 2009 – After three years of deliberations of the Constitutional Court, the Catalan society exclaims. The municipality of Arenys de Munt (Barcelona) organizes a popular consultation on the right to self-determination of Catalans, in an initiative extends to the rest of the municipalities between 2009 and 2011.
- 2010 – After four years of deliberations, the Constitutional Court ruled that the Statute of Autonomy is unconstitutional. The vote is of 5 votes in favour by 4 against, thanks to the majority of the magistrates proposed by the PP, that maintain (in a irregular form) their position in spite of the six years of presidency of the PSOE in Spain.
- 2010-2014 – Massive demonstrations of the Catalan people, which summons its representatives, in a peaceful and exemplary manner, to exercise their right to self-determination. The Spanish government refuses to negotiate. The PP recovers the government of Spain and emerges again the national-Catholic Spanish patriotism of the times of General Franco (neofascism of far-right).
- November 9, 2014 – Popular consultation on the right of the Catalans to be a new State of Europe. Win the “yes”. The judicial persecution against the Catalan representatives of the referendum begins, and media censorship is imposed.
- 2015-2017 – Large demonstrations are maintained, in which a large majority of Catalans claim to exercise the right to self-determination. The members of the Catalan Parliament and the ANC and Òmnium entities assume the responsibility of guaranteeing the right of the Catalan people to self-determination and to comply with their will, for the good of the fundamental rights of humanity and for the dignity of Catalans. The Government calls on the Parliament of Catalonia to back down and denies any negotiation. The European Union does not pronounce itself clearly.
- September 20, 2017 – The Spanish Government occupies part of the Government of the Generalitat de Catalunya in retaliation for the determination of the Catalan Parliament to hold the referendum on October 1. Catalan society is outraged on the street and Catalan leaders defend free peaceful indignation. Jordi Sánchez (ANC) and Jordi Cuixart (Òmnium), protected by more than two million Catalans organized to exercise the right to self-determination, participate in a collective decision decided not to exercise resistance to the police forces, without renouncing their right of vote for the good of universal justice.
- October 1, 2017 – The Catalan people organizes themselves to hold a binding referendum, vote and win the independence. The Catalan people peacefully defends their right to vote despite threats from Spain and its armed forces, and more than two million people vote, assuming the risk of being injured or detained. They defend the ballot boxes and their fundamental rights. The operation led by the Mossos de Esquadra (Catalan police) is exemplary and maintains public order, urging prudence and avoiding violence. Also, the Spanish Government sends an extraordinary contingent of police and civil guards to Catalonia to avoid voting, exercising violence. More than a thousand voters are attacked and treated by medical services, and the Government of Spain honors the aggressor forces. Media censorship is radicalized and becomes political and judicial, to suffocate Catalanism, and attacks against democracy.
- October 27, 2017 – The majority of the Parliament of Catalonia approves the Catalan Republic, and he urges the dialogue and the mediation of the European Union (EU). The EU ignores the Catalan demand, and Spain intensifies the judicial persecution against the process of independence, in the middle of a general campaign of media defamation. In parallel, Spain intervenes the entire Catalan government, making unilateral and irregular use of Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution, and calls for new elections in Catalonia.
- December 21, 2017 – Elections to the Parliament of Catalonia with Catalan representatives imprisoned and/or threatened. The independence majority wins again. The political and social leaders, legitimate representatives of the will of the Catalan people, thanks to the authority that is delegated to them and with the authority of the people they represent, maintains a dignified and firm attitude despite the continuous threats and reprisals of the State Spanish.
- February 14, 2019 – After months of persecution, threats and arrests, the (political) judgment of the Catalan secessionist process begins, challenging the national and international democratic order.